The history of the Tea Turk

Discover all history of the Turkish tea

The tea and Turkey, it is a real love which earned the heart of the whole country since several dozens years. Every year, the country participates at the level of 6 % in the worldwide production of black tea. It is equivalent to about 200 000 tons of Turkish tea a year. It is a big firm  ! It puts Turkey on the fifth worldwide place in production of tea. Also, 200 big producers of tea in Turkey are counted. It is the province of Rize, located along the Black Sea, in the northeast which is the main region of production of the Turkish tea. This imposing firm of the Turkish tea is the result of an impressive history. Let us discover together the history of the Turkish tea.

 

At the time of Ottoman Empire

After some historians before the end of the XIXth century, Ottoman Empire had imposed naturally the coffee as drink on the Turks. This product was imported from Yemen, because the Turkish lands were not favourable to its production. Empire controlled this production also partly in Yemen and importation of the coffee, therefore drew benefits. But, in the fall of Ottoman Empire, things evolved. The monopoly was lost and the importation of the coffee became expensive.


1923: the beginning of the Turkish tea

It would seem that with the first president of Turkey, Turkish tea become a reality. Indeed, very anxious with keeping the autonomy of Turkey, the president made introduce the culture of the tea into the country in 1923. That's how after studies, the province of Rize, located along the Black Sea, in the northeast of the country was chosen to be the production of the Turkish tea. The first seeds of Chinese tea plants were bought in neighbouring Georgia. However, it is from 1938, just before World War II, that the production of the Turkish tea really took its takeoff. So, until 1984, alone the State had the monopoly of this production. Currently, the production of the Turkish tea comes as follows in the country:
  • 66 % in the region of Rize  ;
  • 34 % in the regions of Trabzon, Artvin and Giresun Ordu.

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